To inject new and higher value to a used, and possibly discarded, product through design.
Cradle to Cradle considerations to minimise use of resources.
- It can be difficult to ensure clean material fractions.
- Access to and development of up-cycling supportive technology are limited.
- It can be difficult to define what ‘higher value’ is.
- Patagonia’s fleece jumpers is made of old plastic bottles.
- The company, Econyl collects nylon waste and processes it into new fibers and products.
- In the initiative, Nike Grind, old sneaker soles are transformed into turf surface material.
- The material, Newspaperwood from Vij5 is made out of old compressed newspapers.
Cassidy & Han (2013). Upcycling Fashion for Mass Production, in: Gardetti & Torres (Eds.). Sustainability in Fashion and Textiles: Values, Design, Production and Consumption. Greenleaf Publishing, pp. 148–163.
McDonough & Braungart (2013). The Upcycle: Beyond Sustainability—Designing for Abundance, North Point Press.